Your child learns through many different kinds of play. Through block play, your child will learn about shapes, colors, balance and gravity. Your child will strengthen muscles, develop eye-hand coordination, learn about cause and effect, and build self-esteem each time a structure is built and knocked down.
Through sand and water play, your child will learn about his environment through the use of his senses. Through measuring, filling, and dumping your child will develop math skills and strengthen hand and arm muscles.
Through scribbling and drawing, your child will strengthen small muscles and increase coordination that will enable him to develop writing skills in the future. Through imitation of adults making shopping lists, and writing letters, your child will learn that written words have purpose. Through scribbling and drawing, your child’s imagination will be expanded and creativity will be enhanced.
Physical activities such as running, jumping, pushing a cart, and riding a tricycle or bicycle develop large muscles and enhance coordination and strength.
In the link below, Alison Gopnik, who is a renowned developmental psychologist, reveals a lot about the learning and reasoning capacities of young children. It is an interesting article that explains her research has a persistent theme and supports the idea that children learn not by passively absorbing information, but by actively engaging in their environments, such as PLAY! You might want to check it out!